The Archaeological collection actually consists of three main collections of objects according to the chronological division of artifacts, two collections of movable objects of the other disciplines of archaeological science and another collection formed because of the specificity of objects, or a total of six collections, respectively, sub-collections:
- Prehistoric collection
- Antique collection
- Medieval collection
- Numismatic collection
- Collection of epigraphic and other stone monuments
- Collection of gold and gilded objects from all periods
Includes movable archaeological objects from the prehistoric period: Neolithic, Eneolithic, Bronze Age, older Iron Age and the Archaic period. In perspective, a separate sub-collection of archaeological objects from Ohrid Lake (Underwater Archeology) can be formed within this collection. Here should be included mainly archaeological movable objects in the area of prehistoric palafitte settlements discovered under the waters of the Ohrid Lake, the river Black Drim and near the lake (sometimes swampy), and other items from antique and medieval times, found also under waters of Ohrid Lake.
In storages of the institution the Prehistoric collection of archaeological objects occupies 1/4 of the total fund of archaeological objects (including study materials).
This collection includes movable archaeological items from antique periods: early Antiquity (Classical) period, Macedonian-Hellenistic period, the Roman period and Late Antique period (4th century BC-4th/5th century AD).
In the institutional storages, the antique collection of archaeological objects occupies 1/3 of the total number of archaeological artifacts (including study materials).
This collection includes movable archaeological items from the early, developed and late Middle Ages (Ottoman period) (6th-19th century, with the exception of movable objects from the 19th century that have been treated in the Ethnological Department of the institution).
In storages of the institution with museum cataloging, medieval collection of archaeological objects occupies 1/3 of the total number of archaeological objects (including study materials).
This collection includes coins (individual and stocks) of silver and bronze from antique and medieval times, and from the late Middle Ages (coins and paper money). Gained with archaeological research or redeem, the total fund of this type of museum objects is approximately 20.000 items.
Collection of epigraphic and other stone monuments
Includes epigraphic monuments, stone and marble, whole or fragmented art and architectural elements from ancient and medieval times.
The total fund of this type of exhibits is approximately 300 samples.
Collection of gold and gilded objects from all periods
This collection includes gold and gilded movable archaeological items from the prehistoric Iron Age and Archaic period, antique and medieval times, with dominant number of items from the Macedonian-Hellenistic period. It also includes gold and gold-plated coins from ancient and medieval times.
The total number of this type of archaeological objects is 448, all expertly handled, museum cataloged and published.